ENEO, the concessionaire of the electricity utility in Cameroon, controlled by the British investment fund Actis, recently signed a contract with Aggreko, an independent energy producer, to install a thermal power plant station of 10 MW in Maroua, in the Cameroon Far North region.
From official sources, this power plant will help alleviate the enormous energy deficit currently experienced by the three northern regions of Cameroon, where virtually all localities are deprived of electricity two to three times a week, between 6 am and 10 pm.
At the origin of this prejudicial situation, both households and enterprises such as Sodecoton and Cameroon Industrial Cotton (Cicam), which have production units in this part of Cameroon, find themselves in the reduction of Electricity production of more than 50% on the Lagdo dam.
According to authoritative sources, the Lagdo dam power station, the only major energy infrastructure in the three northern regions of Cameroon, currently generates only about 30 MW of electricity, with an installed capacity of 72 MW.
Experts attribute this decline to the silting of the dam reservoir, which is no longer able to contain enough water, and unfavorable climatic conditions, the corollary of which is limited rainfall.
Moreover, even in an optimal production situation, the Lagdo power station is now insufficient to supply energy to the northern regions of Cameroon, whose population has exploded since 1982, when this infrastructure was commissioned. Growth in energy supply in the country is officially growing at an average rate of 5 to 6% each year.
The hopes of the populations of the regions of the Far North of Cameroon are therefore directed towards the construction of the Bini dam at Warak in the Adamaoua region, which will allow an additional 75 MW. The work is being carried out by the company Sinohydro, thanks to Chinese financing.