The Government is seeking to take advantage of this demographic advantage.
Investing in the young population for maximum profit. This is the purpose of the meeting of the secretaries general of the ministerial departments (Public Health, Social Affairs, Higher Education, Education, Vocational Training) in Yaounde on December 19, 2016. They met to discuss the concept of “demographic dividend “. A concept initiated by the Ministry of the Economy, Planning and Town and Country Planning (MINEPAT), informs L’Œil du Sahel on 27 December.
Based on the assumption that good economic growth depends on population formation, MINEPAT has put this concept in place. According to Jean Tchoffo, Secretary General of MINEPAT, “the secretaries-general of ministries must familiarize themselves with the concept of demographic dividend. For a country like Cameroon, which has an extremely important young population, it is a question of how to increase its productivity by trying to invest in youths so that it is truly the spearhead of growth. Cameroon has at least 43% of its population under 15 years. I think it’s huge. We must therefore have a sufficiently dynamic youth to take care of those who are over 65 years of age and who, having given enough to the nation, are waiting for it today, “he explained.
We must invest in the young population to get the maximum demographic dividend, the paper said. “The question now is how to mobilize resources; How to create synergy between all actors so that these ongoing investments can really bear fruit. Democratic dividend is a process. Whether we want it or not, we have a young population and we will have it for a long time. But now we are not investing in this young population. This does not benefit the development of the country, “said Florence Bopda, head of the Population Policy Unit at MINEPAT.
The governmental initiative is supported by the United Nations through its Population Fund (UNFPA). “The demographic dividend provides a framework to help better structure investment, to ensure that all sectors are moving forward and reach their cruising speed together. Objectives must complement each other so that a domain is not harmed. One can not have a population and human capital that has great job opportunities but suffers in the area of health. We can not move forward if education is not well articulated, “points out Barbara Sow, UNFPA representative in Cameroon.